IPMS Gent modelbouwclub

Hawker Huricane Mk IIc

François Cnudde

KitHawker Huricane Mk IIc, nummer 04144
ManufacturerRevell
Scale1/72
Photo-etch
Extra-tech O-45, interior details
Part S72-110, flaps
References



Replic n° 76, blz 30 tot 36
Wing Masters n° 5, blz 18 tot 29
Wing Masters n° 18, blz 51 tot 53
Wingmasters n° 43, blz 8 tot 11
Sam Publications, modellers datafile, The Hawker Huricane
FigurinesAirfix
starter trolleyScratch build after original pictures
BicycleS8M model, street 72serie, number SM-05, + scratch

History

For countries at war in WW2, like England was, development of better and new fighter types was mainly based on improvement of firepower and engine power on existing aircraft frames. Typical for these was the effort to combine a Rolls-Royce Merlin engine to a Hawker Hurricane. Obsolete as a fighter interceptor in 1941 it still flew as a fighter bomber armed with guns and rockets and proved very useful in Europe, Asia and North-Africa. A first Hurricane Mk 1 was equipped in 1940 receiving a Merlin XX-engine that raised the maximum speed with 31 km/h. This type entered series production as Mk IIa soon followed by a Mk IIb armed with twelve 7,7 mm machine guns. Mk II fighters appeared in the French skies in 1941 later evolving, loaded with an extra 454 kg bombs, as fighter bombers. Other squadrons attacked shipping targets in The Channel. In the fall of 1941 Mk IIa’s and IIb’s moved to the Eastern front. By changing the operational heart of the Hurricane to ground attack aircraft, a stronger armament under the form of four 20 mm guns was introduced. Starting April 1941 the Mk IIc also went in service as a day fighter and from August on night fighter squadrons re-equipped on this type

Technical details

Hawker Hurican MkIIc
Type: fighter and fighter bomber
Engine: liquid cooled Rolls-Royce Merlin XX- 954 kW piston engine
Maximum speed: 541km/h
Climbing rate: 6100 meter in 9,1 minutes
Range: 740 km without external load, 1480 km with two 200-liter drop tanks
Ceiling: 10.850 meter
Weight: empty 2631 kg, loaded 3674 kg
Armament: four 20 mm Hispano or Oerlikon guns under wing fitting for two 113 or one 227 kg bombs

Dimensions:

Wingspan: 12,19 meter. Length: 9,58 meter. Height: 4,04 meter. Wing surface: 23,97 m².

Building the model

Hawker Hurican MkIIcOn opening the box one can see that the model is finely moulded with lightly sunken panel lines. The details that will give the model a good look are crisply moulded. There are 3 light grey coloured sprues and one clear sprue. No optional sprues are provided but you can find optional parts like bombs and different air intakes. I opted for the night fighter version in its dark colours. These decals however are not provided in the kit but I have been able to obtain them trough Stephaan from “Model Battalion”, right out of his own collection.

Interior:

Hawker Hurican MkIIcuilding starts as always with the cockpit. Only the back seat of the pilot’s seat is used. The kits details on both sides of the mainframe are sanded and replaced by scratch parts mainly consisting of Evergreen strips and PE parts. Only the interior details on the Extratech set was used and not the complete interior construction as the PE is too flat and doesn’t provide enough dimension to the model. Cockpit chair and harness were made from PE with copper wire details. The cockpit also receives PE and scratch and the starboard cockpit door is cut open to provide a better view into the cockpit area. A panel for the radio apparatus is cut open in the starboard or right side of the model. It lies in the intention to rebuild the complete radio compartment and to show it in open position so Evergreen-strips and scratch parts are used. Radios and their wiring are made of scratch parts and copper wire. An antenna wire, taken from an old nylon stocking, is glued into the hull. Both “doors” are made from copper foil and receive the bended shape of the cut out pieces. After the interior and exterior has been painted and varnished, a small piece of clear plastic representing the gun sight is fixed. Bear in mind the thickness of the front windshield. The small gun sight clear part is glued using thinned white glue that leaves no traces

Exterior:

Hawker Hurican MkIIc Once the model is finished, painted and dry on the inside, both body halves are glued together. Seems are sanded smooth using fine sanding sticks until no seem is seen or felt. Some Vallejo putty was used. When a decent smoothness of the surface has been obtained we can start detailing the outside of the aircraft. Good references are invaluable as there are differences between types of aircraft. I wanted to build a night fighter variant and so some typical details needed to be added. Exhaust flame dampers made from fine copper foil need to be added on both sides. A small incision is made followed by inserting the copper foil fixed with cyanoacrylate glue. An external gun sight made from copper wire finds its place in a predrilled hole on top of the nose. The antenna foot receives a small PE support on which the nylon antenna wire will be fixed. Navigation lights on top of the aircraft are not to be forgotten, they are made from 0,8mm Evergreen strip, partly drilled so they can be painted on the interior. The rear navigation light is drilled out with a 0,5 mm drill. The plastic parts on the rudder are replaced by PE and copper wire. Tail flaps are cut loose and repositioned downwards to give a more dynamic appearance. The flaps are

detailed by a small Evergreen strip glued on the side that has been cut out and are than sanded smooth to obtain a small curve. Small 0,3mm holes are drilled out in the hull so to receive small pieces of copper wire representing the tail control cables. The kit’s air intake is drilled out and milled so to obtain an oval opening. The radiator receives PE details and the rear cooling vent is cut away to be replaced by a piece of copper foil and a couple of copper wires representing the beams. The radiator seems are sanded smooth before fixing to the body. Exhausts are cleaned up and drilled out. 2 types of exhaust are provided in the kit so check your references. As this is a later type of aircraft so the later type of exhausts are used.

Wing flaps are cut away and are to be replaced by PE replacements. The fact that the wings consists of 2 wing halves does allow us to add some extra PE supports so that the flap interior of the upper wing, a flat piece of copper plate, receives a better base to be glued on. The wing interior that must receive the new flaps must be sanded slanting so that the PE parts can slide underneath. The wheel bays are detailed using copper wire.

Once finished, the wings are glued to the hull and sanding starts again until all joints have vanished. The lost surface details like panel lines are re-scribed using a fine needle. Both wing halves are glued and than sanded by aid of sanding sticks. Revell has worked out the details on the wings very well as the wing seems are in fact panel lines. Take care when fixing the wings that they run on the same line as the wheel base. Once the wings are sanded we can start fixing the lower wing flaps. First check out if they have the correct length and if they do not surpass the wing. Cut the PE using scissors if necessary. Each flap support must be fixed in place individually on its base and each support must receive a plastic 0,5 mm Evergreen rod, representing the axle, at the end. They are than fixed to the wings.

Next step is the landing gear. Brake lines are represented using copper wire and cable supports are represented by fine strips of aluminium foil. The end of the brake line is glued into a pre drilled hole so to give extra support to the wheel leg. The rest is build out of the box except for the rear support that receives an extra piece of plastic for a more detailed look. Wheels are sanded slightly to represent the weight effect on the ground.

Painting and finishing

Interior:

Hawker Hurican MkIIc Once the interior finished we start thinking painting it. A good base coat Humbrol 1 is applied first, later followed by black pre-shading with Vallejo V950. Main coat is interior green, Vallejo V920. This interior green is later highlighted with V837 sprayed in two coats, the second one with a bit of white added. (figurine painting technique). The pre-shading is not to be forgotten, we keep a dark shadow in the corners. A coat of Klir will protect the paint before some ageing techniques using oil paint are used. First of all some small decals found in the spares box representing service notices are added using Microscale sol en set. Another coat of Klir (Future) seals it. Ageing techniques are added using a raw umber oil paint wash adapted very lightly in two coats. The other cockpit parts are painted as by instructions by hand using black V950 for cockpit parts, highlighted with H 67, panzer grey and H 64, light grey. Seatbelts are painted V988 highlighted with V837 and shadowed by V822. The oxygen bottle behind the cockpit is painted flat blue V962. Interior wiring is painted white V951 and yellow V953. Cable supports are painted in a metal colour V865. All parts receive some sepia shadow. Some extra highlighting is done with H78, cockpit green, mixed with Revell 5 white, in a 4 to 1 mixture, dry-brushed very lightly so to make details jump to the eye. Detailing done by adding some paint chips on places vulnerable to wear and tear. This is done using V995 very thinned, protected by a coat of Klir and a coat of matt varnish V520. Instrument panel gauges receive V510, gloss varnish. Bear metal is represented on some areas using a Karisma graphite pencil. The area where the gun sight will be added is painted matt black V950

Exterieur:

Hawker Hurican MkIIc Open cockpit and hull parts are covered using Tamiya tape followed by the cockpit glass parts. The canopy is painted first with the interior colour V920 slightly enlightened with V837 in a 4/1 mixture so to represent the interior colour. When done, the main camouflage colours are applied followed when dry by a coat of Klir (Future). When done, we turn our attention to the model itself that is painted in a main Humbrol 1 matt light grey base coat. Once dry, a pre-shade black Vallejo 950 is sprayed on the panel lines. The aircraft’s underside is entirely painted matt black as was done with night fighters. Once done, a dark grey V862, is added on the panel surfaces taking care to leave the panel lines black. Take care not to overspray the lighter colour but eventual mistakes can be covered up by spraying a light black mist on all lower surfaces using black V950. Two coats of Klir (Future) seal the paint. A dry brushing with H67, panzer grey brings back details.

Upper camouflage colours are sprayed V893 dark green and V869 dark grey. Take care not to spray too much paint on the black panel lines so that they still look a bit darker than the rest. The front wing edges receive a flat yellow V953 identification band, required from end 1941 as a recognition marking on own aircraft. Two coats of Klir must protect the paint.

Wing areas around the wheel bays are protected with Tamiya tape before the wheel bay interior is sprayed in V920 lightened with V837. Do not forget the inside of the landing gear panels. They also receive a raw umber wash and some paint chips using V920 mixed with V837 on a 50/50 base. Once dry, R99 aluminium is used on these chips to obtain a 3-D effect. Once again a coat of Klir (Future) is sprayed on which the decals will be applied using Microscale Set and Sol. These are sealed by another coat of Klir.

Wheel disks are painted by hand using thinned R99 aluminium; tyres in black. The wheel legs receive a treatment with raw umber followed by a fine coat of mud represented by V874 light earth. A coat of matt varnish is applied next and, when dry, some Mig pigment P028 Europe Dust is applied to accentuate the mud effect. Brake lines are painted black, clasps oily steel V865. Air bottles in flat blue V962, wheel legs aluminium R99. Both exhausts are painted in red brown burned sienna oil paint that suits very fine as base colour for rust effects. Interiors are painted V950 later to be reworked with pigments. Rust effects are obtained using Mig pigments P025, standard rust and P024, light rust, taking care to add the light rust more to the exhaust ends. Soot effects are obtained with P023 black smoke. Once done and thoroughly dried, the Hispano guns receive a light metal H53 dry brush and P023 black smoke for their soot effects on the wings.

A sepia coloured, very diluted oil paint is used to add a pin wash on the aircraft’s panel lines. Once completely dry, navigation lights can be painted using red R34 on the left and blue R50 on the right hand side. Navigation light holes had been drilled from before and will later receive a Humbrol Crystal Clear glazing. The other navigation lights are painted silver V997 an also receive Crystal Clear glazing. Very diluted silver V997 is used to paint the rear view mirror on top of the canopy. Revell provided two small glass parts as landing lights but these need adjusting or they won’t fit. They are sanded with sanding pads in ever increasing number until we are polishing finally followed by polishing with toothpaste before being fixed onto the wings wit Crystal Clear.

Once the model has dried for several hours, a raw umber wash is applied over the complete aircraft bearing in mind the normal airflow i.e. from front to rear and in straight lines. This treatment is to be repeated with the same colour after a couple of hours. After several hours of drying time burnt umber oil paint mixed with H119 light earth and very diluted is used to apply some fine washes around the protruding parts of the aircraft so to represent dirt stains. This paint is again applied regarding the wind flow. Oil and petrol stains are made using a wash of H100 mixed with H33. Petrol stains use more H100 than H33 and the other way around for oil stains. Chipping is applied on some of the panels even if they are covered with a decal. A silver grey Karisma pencil is used for this.

Diorama

Hawker Hurican MkIIc The 18 x 17 cm diorama base is an 18mm thick MDF-plate sloping down on the sides to make it more representative. The base is painted with wood colouring product followed by a gloss furniture varnish. The varnished parts are than taped to protect them. Lines are carved in the middle of the base to give a better grip to the groundwork consisting of Polyfilla paste mixed with sand and thinned white glue. Some colour is added to the mixture by adding Mig pigments Russian Earth P034 and Vallejo V872 Chocolate brown. This mixture is spread out in a regular pattern and is let to dry. When almost dry, some wheel traces are added using a spare wheel and a toothpick. Let dry for at least 24 hours until it is real hard. A sepia wash is applied on the lower parts so to obtain a deep brown colour. This is followed by a dry brushing to highlight them using several brown colours H98, chocolate brown; H186 brown; H29 dark earth; H119 light earth and H93 desert yellow. Between the H119 and H93, a fine sepia pin wash is applied on the lowest parts followed by a H93 dry brush.

When this is done, railroad accessories Heki grass is applied with the aid of diluted white glue followed by a coat of sprayed very diluted white glue to be sure all grass is fixed. Once dried, we can start reworking the grass by adding a dark oil paint wash. I used raw umber mixed with sap green making the green overrule the raw umber but it must stay dark. After 24 hours we brush with pure sap green so that a nice even coloring makes the “toy like” look disappear. This is followed by a mix of sap green and yellow ochre till we brush with pure yellow ochre. Some grass blades are highlighted with a mix of yellow ochre and yellow. The outline between grass and dirt is highlighted by burnt umber. When finished some micro flower dots are added using white glue and they receive a very light coat of yellow oil paint. When dry a light sepia wash is added so to blend them into the grass.

The diorama also receives some extra details to bring it to live and tell a story. A small starter trolley is put next to the aircraft, waiting to be connected and give power to it. This starter trolley was scratch build using pictures of a real one in a museum as reference. I used Evergreen 0,5 mm plastic card and Evergreen strips to make the frame. Axle supports and bits and pieces are made from left over PE. Wheels from the spares box, the small one in front being from the rear bogie of an M3 halftrack. The starter cable was made from 0,5 mm fishing wire. Al this is spray painted in an H1 base coat followed by a V950 pre-shading. Main colour is V964 RAF Blue making the pre-shading appear lightly. Tyres are painted black, hinges Oily steel, V865, a contact point in front of the trolley receives white V951 and flat red V957. All this covered by a coat of Klir (Future) followed by some decals from the spares box after which they are sealed with another coat of Klir. Detailing done by a fine raw umber wash and a sepia pin wash in the corners. Some wear and tear is represented on the body by a stroke of pigment powder P035 panzer grey fading. Tyres painted V950 receive a mixture of black V950 and sand light V837 followed by a wash with light earth V874 so to let them look dirty. Finally some MIG Europe dust to the sides of the tyres. The metal handle, chassis and tire rims receive some wear using a mixture of V964 and V837 representing bleached material. Some paint chips chocolate brown V872 are added. All this is sealed with a coat of matt varnish and some details added using a Carisma pencil.

A bicycle joined the starter trolley. This bike comes from a PE set reworked using pictures of bikes from 1935 – 1945. Extra detail consists of extra supports on the rear fenders and luggage rack and brakes to the steering wheel. Two types of copper wire have been used. An H1 base coat was followed by black V950 for the main frame. All chrome parts are painted silver V997. The chain and spoke wheel are painted H53 gunmetal. Tyres used to have a light colour in those days and so they are painted V976 buff. A ceiling coat of Klir is followed by a raw umber wash on the wheels. The chain received a black wash to represent the grease. Wheels receive a coat of matt varnish, the bicycle itself a satin varnish.

Figurines :

Hawker Hurican MkIIc Both figurines come from the spares box and originate from Airfix kits. They are a walking pilot and an NCO that is waiting for him at his aircraft. Both figurines are soft plastic and they need careful cleanup and removal of flash after which they receive an H1 base coat. Next step is the painting of the skin, applied in fine layers of paint and painted first because they are the lowest lying parts of the figurines. The NCO’s hair is painted V984 highlighted with a mix of V984 and V819. Both uniforms are painted in V867 dark blue grey, again all applied in fine layers of paint. Highlighting with V837 and shadowing with V822. The NCO’s shoes receive black V950. The tips are highlighted with V837. Pilot’s boots receive chocolate brown V872 with V837 highlighting and V822 shadowing, enhanced with V950 The sheep’s pelt part of the boots is painted V837, kind of broken white colour. Pilot’s helmet in V822 highlighted with V837 and shadowed with V822. Deeper lying parts receive V950. The microphone wires connected to the pilot’s helmet are painted V984.

When dry we start adding the necessary markings and badges in their respective colors. The NCO’s cap receives V998 bronze. Those on the NCO’s epaulettes V950 in the background with the markings themselves straight V837. The chevrons on the pilots sleeves are painted black V950 in the background followed by a mix of black and white oil paint making light grey chevrons. The wings on the chest and the map protruding from the pilot’s right boot are painted in white oil paint. I preferred to use oil paint because this type of paint adheres better than acrylic paint. The map receives a light V822 wash to break the bright white colour. The parachute pack on the pilot’s back is painted V880, highlighted with V837 and shadowed with V822. Lastly both figurines receive a matt varnish coat. The few metal parts on them are enhanced with a silver Karisma pencil.


 

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